24:03:2018 - Reverse Perspective - Interview - Clemena Antonova - Sofia (BG)

08:01:2018 - Design Studio - Final Jury - Guest Noriyuki Sawaya - Ghent (BE)

22:12:2017 - Elective / Seminar - Final Jury - Guest Jan Hoet jr. - Ghent (BE)

21:12:2017 - Reverse Perspective - Exhibition Opening - Students - Ghent (BE)

08:12:2017 - Reverse Perspective (from a mathematical point of view) - Lecture - Dr. Dirk Huylebrouck - Ghent (BE)

13:10:2017 - Elective / Seminar - Interview - Clemena Antonova - WWW

08:08:2017 - on Reverse Perspective - Exhibition - Wim Goes & Dr. Volkmar Mühleis & Johannes Berry - Wellington (NZ)

04:07:2017 - Wim Goes Architectuur - Lecture - Wim Goes - Aachen (DE)

29:06:2017 - On the Architectural Practice of Qibaa-studio/Aleppo - Lecture - Dr. Volkmar Mühleis - Aby Warburg-House, Hamburg (DE)

14:06:2017 - Master Dissertation - Jury - Wim Goes - Ghent (BE)

13:05:2017 - Les Ateliers Claus - Performance - Dr. Volkmar Mülheis (Brussels Cleaning Masters) - Brussels (BE)

06:05:2017 - Reverse Perspective - Lecture - Wim Goes - Graz (AT)

06:05:2017 - ECOWEEK Conference, Keynote Speaker - Wim Goes - Tilburg (NL)

06:02:2017 - Diversity + Community, Melbourne Conference - Speaker - Wim Goes - Melbourne (AU)

16:01:2017 - Design Studio - Final Jury - Guest Noriyuki Sawaya - Ghent (BE)

23:12:2016 - Elective / Seminar - Final Jury - Guest Steven Schenk (Schenk Hattori) - Ghent (BE)

26:11:2016 - Other Contexts - Lecture - Wim Goes & Johannes Berry - Antwerp (BE)

18:11:2016 - Anti Perspective. Representation & Interpretation - Lecture - Marius Grootveld (Veldwerk)

04:11:2016 - The Roles of the Architect. TU Delft & Berlage Centre - Lecture & Debate - Wim Goes - Delft (NL)

24:10:2016 - Design Studio - Visit - Guest Dr. Caroline Voet - Ghent (BE)

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13:05:2017 - Les Ateliers Claus - Performance - Dr. Volkmar Mühleis (Brussels Cleaning Masters) - Brussels (BE)
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ABOUT

info@reverseperspective.info

Architecture, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussels & Ghent
Hoogstraat 51
9000 Ghent
Belgium

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Reverse Perspective is the topic of investigation for an Architectural Design Studio at the KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture Campus Sint Lucas Ghent, and an Elective in collaboration with Luca School of Arts.

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Perspective had an immediate and profound influence on art and architecture since Leon Battista Alberti wrote 'Della Pictura' (On Painting) in 1435. From then on we could represent the architectural image with the principles of distance, dimension and proportion. It influenced not only our way of representing architecture but subsequently also how we read it, thought about it, and designed architecture. Perspective has become integrated in our understanding, at the most implicit or unconscious level.

Contrary to perspective, where lines converge towards a vanishing point in the back of an image, with reverse perspective lines converge towards the viewer. You are the focal point.

Reverse perspective was first recognised in Byzantine icons. Ever since, art historians and philosophers like Erwin Panofsky and more recently Clemena Antonova have researched the topic extensively. In the world of contemporary art, David Hockney and Andrei Tarkovsky have specifically referred to reverse perspective when discussing their work. Besides the art world however, reverse perspective is less referred to in architecture.

Our interest in reverse perspective lies not in what it represents but rather in what it does. We want to investigate the presence and possible applications of reverse perspective in architecture. A possible architecture where you are the focal point. An interaction where your presence feels essential for the existence of the architecture. Moreover, we want to have a broader understanding of the consequences of (reverse) perspective on our world and how relations could be established.

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Wim Goes
Wim Goes Architectuur is an architecture practice founded by Wim Goes (Ghent, BE) in 1999. Next to his architecture practice, Wim Goes has published drawings and texts on architecture and is teaching at the KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture since 2005. He received his master's degree from Sint-Lucas School of Science & Arts in 1993 and attended the 2006 Glenn Murcutt International Master Class in Australia and the 2008 Master Class in New Zealand with Ian Athfield. He worked on construction sites and in workshops before establishing Wim Goes Architectuur.

Dr. Volkmar Mühleis
Dr. Volkmar Mühleis is a teacher and endowed guest lecturer of philosophy at the KU Leuven, LUCA School of Arts, Campus Sint-Lucas Ghent & Brussels. He is on the editorial board of de Philosophische Rundschau and the Deutschlandfunk. He has published numerous books including 'Een kind keilt een steen over het water - Opmerkingen bij de manier waarop kunst ontstaat' in 2009, an art philosophical reflection on artistic practice, 'Kunst im Sehverlust' (2005) and 'Der Kunstlehrer Jacotot - Jacques Rancière und die Kunstpraxis' (2016)."

Johannes Berry
Johannes Ströhmenger Berry is a South African Architect based in Brussels Belgium. He graduated from the Haute Couture School Of Fashion Design in Cape Town (ZA) after which he completed an Msc in Architecture at the KU Leuven (BE) where he is currently a Teaching Assistant. Under Goes & Berry with Wim Goes and SUGIBERRY with Mayu Takasugi he has exhibited work, amongst other places, at the Walter Knoll Gallery in London (GB), DAM in Frankfurt (DE) and a temporary structure at the Biennale Interieur in Kortrijk (BE).

Albrecht Dürer, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer 1525
ill. 01

Albrecht Dürer, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer 1525
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Albrecht Dürer, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer 1525
ill. 03

Albrecht Dürer, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer 1525
ill. 04

Plate of perspective machine, Le due regole della prospettiva pratica, 1583 Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola
ill. 05

Abraham Bosse, Les Perspecteurs, Maniere universelle de Mr. Desargues, 1648
ill. 06

Abraham Bosse, Les Perspecteurs, Maniere universelle de Mr. Desargues, 1648
ill. 07

Jost Amman, Portrait of Jamnitzer in his studio with a perspective machine, 1565
ill. 08

Jean Debreuil, Image of perspective device from “La perspective pratique”, 1642-1649
ill. 09

Jean-Henri Lambert, Drawing of perspectograph from “Anlage zur Perspektive”, 1752
ill. 10

Ludovico Cigoli, Plate of perspective machine from “Prospettiva pratica”, 1583
ill. 11

Jean-François Nicéron, “St. John the Apostle Writing the Apocalypse” from “La prospective Curieuse”, 1663
ill. 12

STUDIO

Class 2016

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Baert Stijn

Bossy Margot

De Clercq Celine

Deryckere Alexander

Deschoemaeker Irina

Destecker Thibault

Kesteloot Sabien

Van Vooren Romy

Vuye Michiel

Baert Stijn
photo. 01

Margot Bossy
photo. 02

Celine De Clercq
photo. 03

Irina Deschoemaeker
photo. 04

Destecker Thibault
photo. 05

Kesteloot Sabien
photo. 06

Romy Van Vooren
photo. 07

Vuye Michiel
photo. 08

ELECTIVE

Class 2016

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Borja Alcover Bueno

Giacomo Ambrosini

Rosa Arango

Kadir Asani

Jack Eyram Azor

Alexander Bäckel

Lisa Sophia Baerschneider

Christophe Bisschops

Arne Bogaert

John Paul Catedrilla

Giancarlo Chiarenza

Giorgi Chikovani

Antoine Clerget

Rafaël Clerget

Matteo Joseph da Lisca

Anna Danuta Dako

Timotheus De Beir

Ciara De Keyzer

Philippe Druez

Laura Emilija Druktenyte

Roxana Durdun

Pauline Faure

Martha Elisabeth Fourie

Zuzana Kovácová

Gabriele Matuzeviciute

Ségolène Menu

Igor Mikitisin

Daniela Ana Mures

Monica Sofia Parreira Cardoso

Vida Rucli

Charlotte Stuby

Edoardo Tadini

Lisa Terras

Emilia Tomasetto

Robbe Van Rafelghem

Lisa Sophia Baerschneider
photo. 09

Arne Bogaert
photo. 10

Giorgi Chikovani
photo. 11

Rafaël Clerget
photo. 12

Martha Elisabeth Fourie
photo. 13

Lisa Terras
photo. 14

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books

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- Alberti, Leon Battista. On Painting. 1435. Reprint, London: Penguin Books, 2008.

- Antonova, Clemena. Space, Time, and Presence in the Icon: Seeing the World with the Eyes of God. 2010. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

- Aureli, Pier Vittorio, Shèhèrazade Giudici, Maria. Rituals and Walls. The Architeture of Sacred Space. (pp. 166-170) 2016. London: AA Publications.

- Cawthorne, Nigel. The Art of the Icon. 1997. Reprint, London: Octopus Publishing Books, 2005.

- Chiaramonte Giovanni, Tarkovsky Andrey A. Instant Light, Tarkovsky Polaroids. 2002. Reprint, London: Thames & Hudson, 2004.

- Curcic, Slobodan, Hadjitryphonos Evangelia. Architecture as Icon, Perception and Representation of Architecture in Byzantine Art. Princeton University Press, Yale University Press. 2010.

- Damisch Hubert. The Origin of Perspective. 1995. Reprint, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Pres, 2000.

- Florensky, Pavel. Beyond Vision. Essays on the Perception of Art. 2002. London: Reaktion Books Ltd.

- Kuma, Kengo. Anti-Object: The dissolution and disintegration of Architecture. (pp. 27). 2008 London: AA Publications.

- Panofsky, Erwin. Perspective as symbolic form. 1927. Revised ed. edition, Zone Books, 1996.

- Pelletier, Louise, Pérez-Gómez, Alberto. Architectural Representation and the Perspective Hinge. 1997. Reprint, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Pres, 2000.

- Tanizaki, Junichiro. In praise of shadows. 1933. Reprint, London: Vintage Books, 2001

Papers

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- Antonova, Clemena. On the Problem of "Reverse Perspective" Definitions East and West. (Leonardo,volume 34, number 5, pp. 464-469). 2010. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

- Avci, Ozan. Rethinking architectural perspective through reverse perspective in Orthodox Christian iconography. (ITU A/Z, volume 12, number 2, pp 159-171). 2015. Istanbul, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University.

- Eastwood, Steven John. Cinema into the Real. 2007. London: University College London.

- Clerici, Fernando. Sulla prospettiva inversa. www. larici.it

- Huylebrouck, Dirk. Mathematics and popular painting in Congo. 2016. Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa.

- Huylebrouck, Dirk. Reverse fishbone perspective. The 5th ICGG conference. 2016. Belgrade.

- Rowe, Colin; Slutzsky, Robert. Transparency: Literal and Phenomenal. (Perspecta, volume 8, pp 45-540). 1963. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale School of Architecture.

Journals

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- Hermann Czech. Architecture and Urbanism. (Volume 554). 2016. Tokyo: A+U Publishing Co. Ltd.

IMAGES

Posters

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Poster 06.       Reverse Perspective - Exhibition Opening - Students - Ghent (BE)

Poster 05.       on Reverse Perspective - Exhibition - Wim Goes & Dr. Volkmar Mühleis & Johannes Berry - Wellington (NZ)

Poster 04.       Wim Goes Architectuur - Lecture - Wim Goes - Aachen (DE)

Poster 03.       Les Ateliers Claus - Performance - Dr. Volkmar Mühleis (Brussels Cleaning Masters) - Brussels (BE)

Poster 02.       Other Contexts - Lecture - Wim Goes & Johannes Berry - Antwerp (BE)

Poster 01.       Design Studio - Visit - Guest Dr. Caroline Voet - Ghent (BE)

Photographs

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Photograph 01.       Stijn Baert, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 02.       Margot Bossy, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 03.       Celine De Clercq, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 04.       Irina Deschoemaeker, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 05.       Thibault Destecker, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 06.       Sabien Kesteloot, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 07.       Romy Van Vooren, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 08.       Michiel Vuye, Studio, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 09.       Lisa Sophia Baerschneider, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 10.       Arne Bogaert, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 11.       Giorgi Chikovani, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 12.       Rafaël Clerget, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 13.       Martha Elisabeth Fourie, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Photograph 14.       Lisa Terras, Elective, Final Presentation, 2017

Illustrations

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Illustration 01.       Albrecht Dürer, Gravure extraite de, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer, 1525

Illustration 02.       Albrecht Dürer, Gravure extraite de, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer, 1525

Illustration 03.       Albrecht Dürer, Gravure extraite de, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer, 1525

Illustration 04.       Albrecht Dürer, Gravure extraite de, Instructions sur la manière de mesurer, 1525

Illustration 05.       Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola, Plate of perspective machine, Le due regole della prospettiva pratica, 1583

Illustration 06.       Abraham Bosse, Les Perspecteurs, Maniere universelle de Mr. Desargues, 1648

Illustration 07.       Abraham Bosse, Les Perspecteurs, Maniere universelle de Mr. Desargues, 1648

Illustration 08.       Jost Amman, Portrait of Jamnitzer in his studio with a perspective machine, 1565

Illustration 09.       Jean Debreuil, Image of perspective device - La perspective pratique, 1642-1649

Illustration 10.       Jean-Henri Lambert, Drawing of perspectograph - Anlage zur Perspektive, 1752

Illustration 11.       Ludovico Cigoli, Plate of perspective machine - Prospettiva pratica, 1583

Illustration 12.       Jean-François Nicéron, St. John the Apostle Writing the Apocalypse - La prospective Curieuse, 1663

All Rights Reserved 2017